Linnade ja Valdade Päevad 2018
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31. märtsil 2012 a. toimunud Linnade ja Valdade Üldkogu materjalid
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Töö on kirjutatud inglise keeles. Link tööle (.pdf fail) Governance, Finance and Capacity. A review of waste management practices in the 12 EU Accession Candidates
(kasulikuks võivad osutuda ka teised tööd leheküljel http://www.cameronsds.com/portfolio/bestpractice/ceec/)
In the last two decades, significant progress has been made in the field of waste management in the existing 15 Member States that comprise the European Union. Today, policy innovations, coupled with new and improved technologies provide a better spread of options to decision makers. Networks of best practice and organisations with mandates to build capacity at the local level support the development of integrated waste management strategies throughout the EU. Unfortunately, many of these advances have not yet taken root in the 12 EU Accession Candidate Countries (CEECs).
The information presented in this report provides a mixed view of waste management in the EU Accession candidates. There are great differences between and often even within candidate countries. Having said, that there are some recurring deficiencies that are unfortunately common to all 12 countries to one extent or another.
- GOVERNANCE problems – The most striking problem is the failure to communicate. Local authorities rarely communicate with each other, have poor internal co-ordination between municipal departments, and have insufficient systems of consultation with local stakeholder groups. These problems, if left unchecked, will seriously undermine the efforts to implement and enforce environmental legislation.
- FINANCIAL problems – Efficient waste management comes at a cost and this cost is presently too large for most municipalities in the CEEC. The provisions contained within waste legislation (especially those relating to taxes and charges) do not adequately cover the cost of providing quality waste management. Moreover, despite the influx of foreign aid and investment, most notably from the European Union, the bulk of this money remains tied up at the central level. The result is that too little money filters down to the local level where it is needed most.
- CAPACITY problems – There is a significant lack of resources at both the central and the local levels. This translates into a lack of people to ensure compliance and enforcement, a lack of expertise, and most crucially a lack of good practice exchange. Greater efforts need to be made to build capacity by strengthening networks of support throughout the CEEC.
This report represents a small contribution to addressing some of these issues. The report also serves as
- A guide to policies, laws, and initiatives in the filed of waste management throughout the European Union Accession Candidate Countries (CEEC).
- A resource of information, contacts, and support for practitioners and local officials.
- A presentation of the challenges and opportunities for improving waste management in the CEEC.
- A review of the progress made in the CEEC in meeting the requirements of the European Union’s acquis communitaire with regard to waste management.
- An overview of some of the key problems facing local / regional government in the waste field.
- A series of policy recommendations aimed at the European institutions and designed to improve the quality and focus of their support to local actors in the Accession candidates.
The finalised report consists of
- An Executive Summary
- A brief assessment of waste management trends in the CEEC and the demands of EU accession
- Country profiles for each of the twelve EU candidate countries. Each country profile includes information on the key actors and drivers shaping waste policy; an assessment of how waste issues are being managed; and contact details with important sources of information.
- A summary of the main observations and recommendations arising from this report.